Tick-Borne Diseases In Dogs: Types, Treatment And Prevention

Tick Borne Disease in Dogs - CanadaVetCare

Ticks love to feast on dogs’ blood and make them their perfect host to spread a plethora of diseases that prove to be fatal when left untreated. Some of the tick-borne diseases are asymptomatic. However, most typical ones can lead to fever, loss of appetite, anemia, vomiting, swelling of joints or limbs, diarrhea, pale gums, seizures, discharge from eyes and weakness in most dogs. Moreover, these creepy creatures can crawl from the pet’s body to the owners’, biting and causing infection in humans too. Moreover, their presence is quite prominent in woody areas so keep a check on your wandering dog that can bring them along to your home.

Here are some tick-borne diseases that canine owners must be aware of to prevent the infestation.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Found prominently in the northern and southern states of America, Rocky Mountain Fever is spread by American Dog Tick, Lone Star Tick, Brown Tick and Wood Tick. Fever, vomiting, anemia, joint pain, depression, neurological abnormalities are some of the common symptoms associated with this disease.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is found all over the world and the symptoms of this ailment can take almost 6 months to appear in dogs. A deer tick infected with bacteria named Borrelia is responsible for causing redness on the skin, the pain of limbs and weakness in dogs. In more severe cases it also affects the heart and nervous system of the canines.

Read More : If Your Pooch a Victim of Lyme Disease? 

Ehrlichiosis

Also known by the name of Canine Rickettsiosis or Canine Hemorrhagic Fever, Ehrlichiosis develops in canines when Ehrlichia bacteria are transmitted by brown dog ticks. It causes bloody nose, enlarged lymph nodes, weight loss, depression and fever in pets. It is also known to infect humans as well.

Anaplasmosis

Like Lyme disease, Anaplasmosis is also spread by deer ticks. However, it comes with some additional symptoms like diarrhea and vomiting which is not seen in a Lyme disease infected dog. Bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum is the main culprit here, which houses in the body of deer ticks.

Hepatozoonosis

Surprisingly, this tick-borne disease is transmitted when the dog accidentally ingests the Gulf Coast ticks or brown dog ticks. A runny nose, muscle ache, diarrhea, fever and watery eyes may occur in dogs due to Hepatozoonosis americanum infection.

Babesiosis

Babesiosis is not found in the US. However, they are prominent in England and other parts of the world.  It causes anemia, dark urine, swollen lymph nodes, fever and weakness in canines and is spread by American dog tick or brown tick.

 Treatment And Prevention

The advent of tick preventing topicals and insecticides has made it easier for pet owners to prevent the tick-borne diseases effectively. The collars that especially come with tick and flea repelling properties also make for a great gadget to safeguard the pet when outdoors. These gadgets and preventatives can be used regularly and monthly to provide complete protection to your canine against ticks. Some of the best products on the market today include:

Bravecto for Dogs
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If the tick is found on the dog, it must be removed with the tweezers immediately to stop him from vomiting and spreading the infection in the host. The affected area must be rubbed with alcohol thereafter, followed by consultation with the vet to get the dog tested for any infection.

Ticks are quite debilitating to pet’s health and hence must be prevented and controlled without delay. There are several diseases that they transmit, so better safeguard your pet in advance.

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